• Wolff, E.W., Burke, A., Crick, L., Doyle, E.A., Innes, H.M., Mahony, S.H., Rae, J.W., Severi, M. and Sparks, R.S.J., 2022. Frequency of large volcanic eruptions over the past 200,000 years. Climate of the Past Discussions, pp.1-21.

  • Crumpton-Banks, J.G.M., Tanner, T., Hernández Almeida, I., Rae, J.W.B. and Stoll, H., 2022. No impact of alkenone extraction on foraminiferal stable isotope, trace element and boron isotope geochemistry. Biogeosciences Discussions, pp.1-17.

  • Jessica E. Tierney, Jiang Zhu, Mingsong Li, Andy Ridgwell, Gregory J. Hakim, Christopher J. Poulsen, Ross D. M. Whiteford, James W. B. Rae, and Lee R. Kump, 2022. Spatial patterns of climate change across the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, accepted PNAS

  • Rafter, P., Costa, K., Hines, S., Devries, T., Rae, J., Gray, W., Burke, A., Southon, J., Gottschalk, J. and Hain, M., 2021. New measurements and compilation provide a 25,000 year view of global deep-sea radiocarbon. Global reorganisation of deep-sea circulation and carbon storage after the last ice age. accepted Science Advances

  • Gregory F. Funston1*, Paige E. dePolo1, Jakub T. Sliwinski2, Matthew Dumont2, Sarah L. Shelley1, Laetitia E. Pichevin1, Nicola J. Cayzer1, John R. Wible3, Thomas E. Williamson4, James W. B. Rae2, Stephen L. Brusatte1, The earliest record of a placental life history, Nature

  • A.N. Meckler1*, P.F. Sexton2, A.M. Piasecki1†, T.J. Leutert1, J. Marquardt1, M. Ziegler3, T. Agterhuis3, L.J. Lourens3, J.W.B. Rae4, J. Barnet4, A. Tripati5, S.M. Bernasconi, Cenozoic evolution of deep ocean temperature from clumped isotope thermometry, Science

  • Stergios D. Zarkogiannis1*, Shinya Iwasaki2, Matthew W. Schmidt3, James W.B. Rae4, P. Graham Mortyn5,6, George Kontakiotis7, Jennifer E. Hertzberg8, Rosalind E.M. Rickaby1. Calcification, dissolution and test properties of modern planktonic foraminifera from the central Atlantic Ocean, Frontiers

  • Adam V. Subhas1, Sijia Dong2, John D. Naviaux3, Nick E. Rollins4, Patrizia Ziveri5, William Gray6, James W.B. Rae7, Xuewu Liu8, Robert H. Byrne8, Sang Chen9, Christopher Moore8, Loraine Martell-Bonet8, Zvi Steiner10, Gilad Antler11, Huanting Hu9, Abby Lunstrum4, Yi Hou12, Nathaniel Kemnitz4, Johnny Stutsman13, Sven Pallacks5, Mathilde Dugenne14, Paul D. Quay13, William M. Berelson4, and Jess F. Adkins2, Shallow Calcium Carbonate Cycling in the Ocean Driven by Organic Matter Respiration, GBC

  • Steve Keen, Timothy M. Lenton, Timothy J. Garrett, James W. B. Rae, Brian Hanley, Grasselli Matheus. Economists' estimates of damages from tipping-points cannot be reconciled with the scientific literature, PNAS

  • Michael James Henehan, Christa D. Klein-Gebbinck, M/Sc; Jill V. B. Wymans, MSc; Mathis P. Hain, PhD; James W. B. Rae, PhD; Bärbel Hönisch, PhD; Gavin L. Foster, PhD; Sang-Tae Kim, PhD. No ion is an island: Multiple ions influence boron incorporation into CaCO3, GCA

  • Wei-Li Hong, James W. B. Rae, Antoine Cremiere, and Aivo Lepland, Unraveling the history of fluid flow using trace element and boron isotopes from methane-derived authigenic carbonates, EPSL


  • Joseph A. Stewart, James W. B. Rae, Andrea Burke, Tao Li, Melanie J. Leng, Laura F. Robinson, Productivity and dissolved oxygen controls on the Southern Ocean deep-sea benthos during the Antarctic Cold Reversal, Paleoceanography & Paleoclimatology

  • Crick, L., Burke, A., Hutchison, W., Kohno, M., Moore, K.A., Savarino, J., Doyle, E.A., Mahony, S., Kipfstuhl, S., Rae, J.W.B. and Steele, R.C., 2021. New insights into the~ 74 ka Toba eruption from sulfur isotopes of polar ice cores. Climate of the Past, pp.1-28.

  • Allison, N., Cole, C., Hintz, C., Hintz, K., Rae, J.W.B. and Finch, A., 2021. Resolving the interactions of ocean acidification and temperature on coral calcification media pH. Coral Reefs, pp.1-12.

  • Kim, J.H., Hong, W.L., Torres, M.E., Ryu, J.S., Kang, M.H., Han, D., Nam, S.I., Hur, J., Koh, D.C., Niessen, F. and Lee, D.H., Jang, K., Rae, J.W.B., Chen, M., 2021. A pulse of meteoric subsurface fluid discharging into the Chukchi Sea during the Early Holocene Thermal Maximum (EHTM). Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 22(8), p.e2021GC009750.

  • Meissner, K.J., Brook, E., Finkelstein, S.A. and Rae, J.W.B., 2021. Carbon cycle dynamics during episodes of rapid climate change. Environmental Research Letters, 16(4), p.040201.

  • Ezat, M.M., Rasmussen, T.L., Hain, M.P., Greaves, M., Rae, J.W.B., Zamelczyk, K., Marchitto, T.M., Szidat, S. and Skinner, L.C., 2021. Deep ocean storage of heat and CO2 in the Fram Strait, Arctic Ocean during the last glacial period. Paleoceanography and paleoclimatology, 36(8), p.e2021PA004216.

  • Chen, S., Littley, E.F., Rae, J.W.B., Charles, C.D. and Adkins, J.F., 2021. Uranium Distribution and Incorporation Mechanism in Deep-sea Corals: Implications for Seawater [CO32-] Proxies. Frontiers in Earth Science, 9, p.159.

  • Rae, J.W.B., Zhang, Y., Foster, G.L., Stoll, H.. CO2 reconstructions from marine archives, Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Sciences accepted

  • Hong, W.L., Pape, T., Schmidt, C., Yao, H., Wallmann, K., Plaza-Faverola, A., Rae, J.W.B., Lepland, A., Bünz, S. and Bohrmann, G., 2021. Interactions between deep formation fluid and gas hydrate dynamics inferred from pore fluid geochemistry at active pockmarks of the Vestnesa Ridge, west Svalbard margin. Marine and Petroleum Geology, p.104957.

  • Gagnon, A.C., Gothmann, A.M., Branson, O., Rae, J.W.B. and Stewart, J.A., 2021. Controls on boron isotopes in a cold-water coral and the cost of resilience to ocean acidification. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 554, p.116662.


· Rae, J.W.B., Wills, R., Eisenman, I., Gray, W.R., Schneider, T., Taylor, B.J.T., Glacial nutrient limitation and warming of the North Pacific by enhanced PMOC, Science Advances accepted

· Tao Li, Laura F. Robinson, Tianyu Chen, Xingchen T. Wang, Andrea Burke, James W.B. Rae, Albertine Pegrum-Haram, Timothy D.J. Knowles, Gaojun Li, Hong Chin Ng, Maria Prokopenko, George Rowland, Ana Samperiz, Joseph A. Stewart, John Southon, Peter T. Spooner, 2020. High-resolution constraints on circulation and productivity of the Southern Ocean during rapid deglacial carbon cycle events, Science Advances 6 (42)

· Tianyu Chen, Laura F. Robinson, Andrea Burke, Louis Claxton, Mathis Hain, Tao Li, James W.B. Rae, Timothy D.J. Knowles, Daniel J. Fornari, Karen S. Harpp, 2020. Persistence of Modern-like Ventilation of Equatorial Intermediate Ocean During the Last Deglaciation, Nature Geoscience 13, 733-738

· Joseph A. Stewart, Russell D. Day, Steven J. Christopher, John R. Kucklick, Louise Bordier, Thomas B. Chalk, Eric Douville, Gavin L. Foster, William R. Gray, Rosanna Greenop, Marcus Gutjahr, Freya Hemsing, Michael J. Henehan, Philip Holdship, Yu-Te Hsieh, Ana Kolevica, Yen-Po Lin, Elaine M. Mawbey, James W. B. Rae, Laura F. Robinson, Rachael Shuttleworth, Chen-Feng You, Shuang Zhang, 2020. New Carbonate Reference Materials for Boron Isotope and Trace Element Geochemistry: NIST 8301 Inter-laboratory Comparison Exercise, Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research in press

· Gutjahr, M., Bordier, L., Douville, E., Farmer, J., Foster, G.L., Hathorne, E.C., Hönisch, B., Lemarchand, D., Louvat, P., McCulloch, M., Noireaux, J., N Pallavicini, J.W.B. Rae I. Rodushkin, P Roux, J.A. Stewart, F Thil, C‐F You, 2020. Sub‐Permil Interlaboratory Consistency for Solution‐Based Boron Isotope Analyses on Marine Carbonates. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research in press.

· David Evans, William R. Gray, James B. Rae, Rosanna Greenop, Paul B. Webb, Kirsty Penkman, Roland Kröger, & Nicola Allison, 2020. Trace element incorporation into amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) precipitated from seawater and implications for biomineralization processes inferred from skeletal chemical data, GCA in press

· Jessica Crumpton-Banks & James W.B. Rae, 2020. Boron isotopes provide insights into biomineralization, seawater pH, and ancient atmospheric CO2. Oceanography, 33 (2), 42-43.

· Joseph A. Stewart, Laura F. Robinson, Russell D. Day, Ivo Strawson, Ana Samperiz, Rachael Bratt, Andrea Burke, James W. B. Rae, Helena Pryer, Peter J. Etnoyer, Leslie N. Wickes, Branwen Williams, Adina Paytan, Melanie J. Leng, Vreni Häussermann, 2020. Refining trace metal temperature proxies in cold-water scleractinian and stylasterid corals, EPSL 545, 116412

· Richard E. Zeebe and James W. B. Rae, 2020. Equilibria, kinetics, and boron isotope partitioning in the aqueous boric acid – hydrofluoric acid system, Chemical Geology 119696

· William R Gray, Robert CJ Wills, James WB Rae, Andrea Burke,Ruza F Ivanovic, William HG Roberts, David Ferreira, Paul J Valdes. Expansion and strengthening of the North Pacific subpolar gyre during the last glacial maximum, accepted GRL


· Jun Shao, Lowell D. Stott, William R. Gray, James W.B. Rae, Rosanna Greenop, Ingo Pecher, Helen L. Neil, Richard B. Coffin, Bryan Davy, Atmosphere-Ocean CO2Exchange Across the Last Deglaciation from the Boron Isotope Proxy, 2019, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimate,

· Michael J. Henehan, Andy Ridgwell, Ellen Thomas, Shuang Zhang, Laia Alegret, Daniela N. Schmidt, James W. B. Rae, James D. Witts, Neil H. Landman, Sarah Greene, Brian T. Huber, James Super, Noah J. Planavsky and Pincelli M. Hull. Flash acidification and pH rebound following the Cretaceous-Palaeogene impact, 2019, PNAS, 201905989,

· Wei-Li Hong, Aivo Lepland, Tobias Himmler, Jochen Knies, Ji-Hoon Kim, Shyam Chand, Diana Sahy, Evan A. Solomon, James W. B. Rae, Seung-Il Nam, Offshore meteoric water discharge in the eastern Nordic Sea since the last glacial period, 2019, GRL, 10.1029/2019GL084237.


· Rae, J.W.B.,Burke, A., Adkins, J.F., Greenop, R., Chen, T., Cole, C., Littley, E.F.M., Nita, D.C., Robinson, L.F. CO2storage and release in the deep Southern Ocean on millennial to centennial timescales, 2018, Nature, 562, 569-573,

· Allison, N., Cole, C., Hintz, C., Hintz, K., Rae, J.W.B., Finch, A.. Ocean acidification and coral calcification: insights from calcification fluid DIC chemistry,2018,Chemical Geology, 497, 162-169,

· Rae, J.W.B.& Broecker, W., What fraction of the Pacific and Indian Ocean’s deep water is formed in the North Atlantic? 2018, Biogeosciences, Maier-Reimer volume, 15, 3779-3794. DOI: 10.5194/bg-15-3779-2018

· Taylor, B., Rae, J.W.B.,Gray, W.R., Darling, K. Abelmann, A., Gersonde, R., Maier, E. Distribution and ecology of planktic foraminifera in the North Pacific: Implications for paleo-reconstructions, 2018, Quaternary Science Reviews, 191, 256-274,

· Gray, W.R.,Rae, J.W.B., Shevenall, A.E., Foster, G.L., Lear, C.H., Release of CO2from the subarctic Pacific Ocean over the last deglaciation, 2018 Nature Geoscience, 11, 340-344,


· Rae, J.W.B., 2017. Boron isotopes in foraminifera: systematics, biomineralisation, and CO2system reconstruction. Advances in Isotope Geochemistry: Boron Isotopes – The Fifth Element, Springer.

· Haynes, L., Hönisch, B., Dyez, K., Holland, K., Rosenthal, Y., Fish, C., Subhas, A., Rae, J.W.B., 2017. Calibration of the B/Ca proxy in the planktic foraminifer Orbulina universa to Paleocene seawater conditions, Paleoceanography, 32 (6),


· Foster, G.L. & Rae, J.W.B., 2016. Reconstructing ocean pH with boron isotopes in foraminifera. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 44 (207-237), 10.1146/annurev-earth-060115-012226

· Schmidt, D., Caromel, A., Seki, O., Rae, J.W.B., Renaud, S, 2016. Ecological and evolutionary response of marine plankton to habitat formation and destruction in the marine environment, Marine Micropaleontology,128 (28-38),

· Henehan, M.J., Hull, P.M., Penman, D.E., Rae, J.W.B., Schmidt, D.N., 2016. Cretaceous-Palaeogene Insights into the Resilience of the Carbon Cycle, Philosophical Transactions B, 371, 20150510,


· O’Brien, C.L., Foster, G.L., Rae, J.W.B., Pancost, R.D.. Reply to “Pliocene warmth and gradients”, Nature Geoscience, 8, (420) doi:10.1038/ngeo2445.

· Henehan, M.J., Foster, G.L., Rae, J.W.B., Marshall, B.J., Prentice, K.C., Erez, J., Bostock, H.C., Wilson, P.A. Assessing the applicability of B/Ca ratios in G. ruber as a proxy for the carbonate system, G3,16(4), (1052-1069), doi:10.1002/2014GC005514

· Martínez-Botí, M.Á., Marino, G., Rae, J.W.B., Henehan, M., Vance, Ziveri, P., Mortyn, G., Foster, G.L. Boron isotope evidence for CO2leakage during the last deglaciation, Nature, 518, (219-222), doi:10.1038/nature14155


· Rae, J.W.B., Foster, G.L., Ridgwell, A., Elliott, T., Grootes, P., Sarnthein, M.. Deepwater formation in the North Pacific and deglacial CO2rise, Paleoceanography, 29-6, (645-667), doi: 10.1002/2013PA002570.

· O’Brien, C.L., Foster, G.L., Martínez-Botí, M.Á., Abell, R., Rae, J.W.B., Pancost, R.D.. High sea surface temperatures in tropical warm pools during the Pliocene, Nature Geoscience. 7-8, (606-611), doi:10.1038/ngeo2194


· Foster G.L. Hönisch, B., Paris, G., Dwyer, G., Rae, J.W.B.,Elliott, T., Gaillardet, J., Hemming, G., Louvat, P., Vengosh, A., 2013. Interlaboratory comparison of boron isotope analyses of boric acid, seawater and marine CaCO3by MC-ICPMS and NTIMS, Chemical Geology, 358, (1-14),

· Yu, J., Anderson R.F., Jin, Z., Rae, J.W.B., Opdyke, B.N., Eggins, S., 2013. Responses of the deep ocean carbonate system to carbon reorganization during the last glacial-interglacial cycle, Quaternary Science Reviews,76, (39-52),

· Gutjahr, M., Vance, D., Hoffmann, D.L., Hillenbrand, C-D., Foster, G.L., Rae, J.W.B., Kuhn, G., 2013. Structural limitations in deriving accurate U-series ages from calcitic cold-water corals contrasts with robust coral radiocarbon and Mg/Ca systematics, Chemical Geology, 355, (69-87),

· Yu, J., Thornalley, D.J.R. Rae, J.W.B., McCave, 2013. Calibration and application of B/Ca, Cd/Ca and d11B in Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sinistral) to constrain CO2uptake in the subpolar North Atlantic during the last deglaciation. Paleoceanography,28, (237-252),doi: 10.1002/palo.20024.

· Henehan, M.J., Rae, J.W.B., Foster, G.L., Erez, J., Prentice, K., Kucera, M., Bostock, H.C., Martinez-Boti, M.A., Milton, J.A., Wilson, P.A., Marshall, B., Elliott, T., 2013. Calibration of the Boron Isotope Proxy in the Planktic Foraminiferan Golbigerinoides ruber(d’Orbigny) for use in palaeo-CO2reconstruction. EPSL, 364, (111-122),


· Rae, J.W.B., Langdon, C., Ridgwell, A., Zeebe, R., Schmidt, D. How is today’s change in ocean chemistry different from those in the past? Ocean Acidification FAQs, Ocean Acidification Subcommittee of the Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry Program, USA, and UK Ocean Acidification Research Programme, 2012.

· Foster, G.L., Lear, C.H., Rae, J.W.B., 2012. The Evolution of pCO2, ice volume and climate during the Middle Miocene, EPSL, 341-344, (243-254), .doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2012.06.007.

Featured as Science Editor’s Choice, 2012, 337 (6095).


· Rae, J.W.B., Foster, G.L., Schmidt, D.N., Elliott, T., 2011. Boron isotopes and B/Ca ratios in benthic foraminifera: proxies for the deep ocean carbonate system. EPSL, 302, (404-413), doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.12.034.

· Van Heuven, S., Pierrot, D., Rae, J.W.B., Lewis, E., Wallace, D.W.R., 2011. CO2SYS v 1.1, MATLAB program developed for CO2system calculations. ORNL/CDIAC-105b. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. DoE, Oak Ridge, TN. Doi:10.3334/CDIAC/otg.CO2SYS_MATLAB_v1.1.


· Foster, G.L., Pogge von Standemann, P.A.E., Rae, J.W.B., 2010. Boron and magnesium isotopic composition of seawater. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 11, Q08015, doi:10.1029/2010GC003201.